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Crohn’S Disease

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Autor:   •  March 10, 2011  •  701 Words (3 Pages)  •  1,037 Views

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What is Crohn’s Disease? Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This disease can occur at any time. Crohn’s disease can affect any part of the gastrointestinal system, from the mouth to the anus. Crohn’s can cause other medical problems outside the intestine, including arthritis, skin condition, cancer, kidney stones, and gallstones. Many people that have this disease live a normal life without worries. This disease appears at the age of 15 to 30, or less often at ages of 45 to 60. Crohn’s disease is less common in Eastern Europeans. In many parts of the world, men and women seem to get ulcerative colitis in equal numbers, but in most parts Crohn’s disease is somewhat more common in women than men. Studies say that inflammatory bowel disease estimates the number of cases in North America to range from 10 per 100,000 to 1,000 per 100,000. This disease occurs in 1950s and 1060s.[???]

Until today, doctors tried many studies to find out what caused this disease, but still haven’t found an answer for it.[??] Multiple abnormalities of the immune system have, in fact, been detected in people with IBD. Inflammatory bowel disease is due to an infection which is caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites. Crohn’s disease is extraordinary, like intestinal tuberculosis which is caused by a bacterium. Smoking can increase factors for Crohn’s disease. Crohn’s disease is due to an inadequate supply of oxygen to one or more parts of the intestine as a result of inflammation and blockage of small blood vessels within the intestine. Symptoms are things that you can feel and tell your doctor. Pain, poor appetite, nausea, and diarrhea are common symptoms of IBD. Signs are what your doctor observes like rash, being pale, and blood into the toilet are all common signs of IBD. Some 70 to 80% of the patients with small-bowel Crohn’s disease complain of cramps and abdominal pain, diarrhea, and weight loss. People quickly learn how to avoid the pain by avoiding some types of foods. IBD is diagnosed by several tests that can be done, like sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy, and air-contrast barium enema. Sigmoidoscopy involves passing and instrument through the anus into the rectum, and then into the sigmoid colon. It allows the doctor to see the inner lining of the bowel. Colonoscopy is looking into the colon, where the doctor can examine all of the colon. It can be used to diagnose IBD and determine


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