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Autor: anton • October 12, 2010 • 2,602 Words (11 Pages) • 323 Views
The ancient statues and pottery of the Golden Stone Age of Greece were much
advanced in spectacular ways. The true facts of Zeus's main reason for his statue. The
great styles of the Kouros and the Kore. The story of The Blinding of Polphemus,
along with the story of Cyclops. The Dori and Ionic column stone temples that were
built in Greece that had an distinctive look. The true colors of the vase, Aryballos. The
vase that carried liquids from one place to another. The Lyric Poetry that was originally
a song to be sung to the accompaniment of the lyre.
Zeus was considered, according to Homer, the father of the gods and of mortals.
He did not create either gods or mortals; he was their father in the sense of being the
protector and ruler both of the Olympian family and of the human race. He was lord of
the sky, the rain god, and the cloud gatherer, who wielded the terrible thunderbolt. His
breastplate was the aegis, his bird the eagle, his tree the oak. Zeus presided over the
gods on Mount Olympus in Thessaly. His principal shrines were at Dodona, in Epirus,
the land of the oak trees and the most ancient shrine, famous for its oracle, and at
Olympia, where the Olympian Games were celebrated in his honor every fourth year.
The Nemean games, held at Nemea, northwest of Argos, were also dedicated to Zeus.
Zeus was the youngest son of the Titans Cronus and Rhea and the brother of the deities
Poseidon, Hades, Hestia, Demeter, and Hera. According to one of the ancient myths of
the birth of Zeus, Cronus, fearing that he might be dethroned by one of his children,
swallowed them as they were born. Upon the birth of Zeus, Rhea wrapped a stone in
swaddling clothes for Cronus to swallow and concealed the infant god in Crete, where
he was fed on the milk of the goat Amalthaea and reared by nymphs. When Zeus grew
to maturity, he forced Cronus to disgorge the other children, who were eager to take
vengeance on their father. Zeus henceforth ruled over the sky, and his brothers Poseidon
and Hades were given power over the sea and the underworld, respectively. The earth
was to be ruled in common by all three. Beginning with the writings of the Greek poet
Homer, Zeus is pictured in two very different ways. He is represented as the god of
justice and mercy, the protector of the weak, and the punisher of the wicked. As
husband to his sister Hera, he is the father of Ares, the god of war; Hebe, the goddess of
youth; Hephaestus, the god of fire; and Eileithyia, the goddess of childbirth. At the same
time, Zeus is described as falling in love with one woman after another and resorting to
all kinds of tricks to hide his infidelity from his wife. Stories of his escapades were
numerous in ancient mythology, and many of his offspring were a result of his love
affairs with both goddesses and mortal women. It is believed that, with the development
of a sense of ethics in Greek life, the idea of a lecherous, sometimes ridiculous father
god became distasteful, so later legends tended to present Zeus in a more exalted light.
His many affairs with mortals are sometimes explained as the wish of the early Greeks to
trace their lineage to the father of the gods. Zeus''s image was represented in sculptural
works as a kingly, bearded figure. The most celebrated of all statues of Zeus was
Phidias''s gold and ivory colossus at Olympia.
The standing nude youth (kouros), the standing draped girl (kore), and the seated
woman. All emphasize and generalize the essential features of the human figure and
show an increasingly accurate comprehension of human anatomy. The youths were
either sepulchral or votive statues. Examples are Apollo (Metropolitan Museum), an
early work; Strangford Apollo from LÐ"mnos (British Museum, London), a much later
work; and the Anavyssos Kouros (National Museum, Athens). More of the musculature
and skeletal structure is visible in this statue than in earlier works. The standing, draped
girls have a wide range of expression, as in the sculptures in the Acropolis Museum,
Athens. Their drapery is carved and painted with the delicacy and meticulousness
common to the details of sculpture of this period.
The Blinding of Polyphemus. Polyphemus, a Cyclops, the son of Poseidon, god
of the sea, and of the nymph ThoÐ"¶sa. During his wanderings after the Trojan War, the
Greek hero Odysseus and his men were cast ashore on Polyphemus''s island home, Sicily.