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Autor: anton • March 19, 2011 • 887 Words (4 Pages) • 544 Views
Supply and Demand Simulation
The University of Phoenix online simulation entitled "Applying Supply and Demand Concepts" starts with the description of a fictional small town, Atlantis, and the rental market for two bedroom rental apartments. Below we will discuss the key points of supply and demand covered in the simulation, and by David Colander in the Book Economics, along with real world examples and results for the simulation.
In this simulation the reader is a property manager for GoodLife Management. Whose responsibly is maintaining economic equilibrium in the two bedroom rental market. Wikipedia states "economic equilibrium often refers to an equilibrium in a market that "clears": this is the case where a market for a product has attained the price where the amount supplied of a certain product equals the quantity demanded" (Wikipedia, 2005). Demand in this situation is controlled by population, price, and consumer preference. Supply is controlled by the number of apartments built by the company, the percent of vacant units, and the number of units the company decides to rent out. Throughout the nines years covered in the simulation population growth, customer sentiment, and price.
Key points that this simulation shows that are covered in Economics by are David Colander are that there is a cycle in business. "Phases of the business cycle include peak, trough, upturn, and downturn." (Colander, 2004) This is seen in the simulation when Lintech Inc moves into Atlantis and creates a population boom. Also when the home ownership becomes a trend and lowers demand for the two bedroom apartments.
Another point covered in the text and the simulation is "We must estimate potential output by looking at past levels of potential output and by looking at where the price level begins to rise" (Colander, 2004). This can be seen in year three of the simulation were historical data is used to help set the rental rate to increase demand and achieve equilibrium in the system.
A third point covered in both is "Quantity theorists tend to favor a policy that relies on rules rather than on discretionary policy" (Colander, 2004) Throughout the simulation the reader creates rules by setting the number of available units and the monthly rental rate for those units. By setting these rules the reader, ensures the GoodLife Company the greatest possible revenue.
"Firms respond to demand and supply pressures in other ways than changing observed prices. If observed equilibrium prices and quantities don't match your supply/ demand analysis, look at other dimensions of the market or for other forces that may affect price and quantity." (Colander, 2004) Is the fourth point that is in common between the text and the simulation. The GoodLife Company responds to supply pressure by opening up more units. The policy of keeping extra units in reserve allows them to accomplish this.
These supply and demand concepts can be applied to my workplace, by applying the concepts to hours worked. I have a staff of four people 2 of which work approvals, issue resolution and order management for a particular product. That product is growing at a year over year rate of one hundred and fifty percent. The work that they do carries service