Petroliam Nasional Berhad: A Critical Evaluation Of The Likely Impact On Its Competitive Position Through Sustainable DevelopmentThis essay Petroliam Nasional Berhad: A Critical Evaluation Of The Likely Impact On Its Competitive Position Through Sustainable Development is available for you on Essays24.com! Search Term Papers, College Essay Examples and Free Essays on Essays24.com - full papers database.
Autor: anton • January 27, 2011 • 1,562 Words (7 Pages) • 567 Views
Ð²Ð‚ÑšThe moral issues of distributive justice are unlikely to be realised if biophysical limits to
growth are ignoredÐ²Ð‚Ñœ - Philip A. Lawn, 2001.
This paper evaluates the likely impact on the competitive position of PETRONAS if it were to
strengthen its business strategy based on Sustainable Development.
PETRONAS, acronym for Petroliam Nasional Berhad, is a Malaysian owned oil and gas
company that was founded on 17 August 1974. Wholly owned by the Government, the
corporation is vested with the entire oil and gas resources in Malaysia and is entrusted with
the responsibility of developing and adding value to these resources. PETRONAS is ranked
among Fortune Global 500Ð²Ð‚™s largest corporations in the world. In 2007, its revenue was in
excess of US$51 billion.
Source: Wikipedia and Fortune Global 500
Since its incorporation it has grown to be an integrated international oil and gas company with
business interests in 31 countries. As of the end of March 2005, the Petronas Group
comprised 103 wholly owned subsidiaries, 19 partly-owned outfits and 57 associated
companies. Together, these companies make the Petronas Group, which is involved in various
oil and gas based activities. The Financial Times has identified PETRONAS as one of the
Ð²Ð‚Ñšnew seven sistersÐ²Ð‚Ñœ: the most influential and mainly state-owned national oil and gas
companies from countries outside the OECD.
Source: FT.com, 11 March 2007
The Group is engaged in a wide spectrum of petroleum activities, including upstream
exploration and production of oil and gas to downstream oil refining; marketing and
distribution of petroleum products; trading; gas processing and liquefaction; gas transmission
pipeline network operations; marketing of liquefied natural gas; petrochemical
manufacturing and marketing; shipping; automotive engineering; and property investment.
PETRONAS built the Petronas Twin Towers (opened 1998), the tallest twin towers and once
the worldÐ²Ð‚™s tallest buildings, as its headquarters.
The looming growth of globalisation and continuous development have resulted in a negative
impact on the environment, which will be detriment to the survival of mankind and other
living things on this planet if we do not take the necessary steps to reduce this impact. As for
our planet, it has all the time in the world to regenerate itself, but we donÐ²Ð‚™t.
The threat to our survival has become more apparent with the increasing number of
environmental catastrophe such as earthquakes, flooding, drought, water shortage, depleting
natural resources and ultimately the increase in Greenhouse Gases fueled by rapid
development to meet the current population demands, which contributes to Global Warming.
Global warming is the result of the constant increase in the level of carbon dioxide (CO2) in
the atmosphere measured in parts per million (PPM). Scientists has revealed that if this
measure reaches 450PPM, the world will be at the tipping point of its own survival, and this
number is climbing fast.
Source: The 11th Hour, 16 June 2008 & InterGovernment Panel for Climate Change.
However, this can be mitigated through increasing awareness of how real the problem is, by
the adoption of Environmental and Ecological Economics, alongside mainstream/neo-
classical economics which takes into account the environmental impacts that economic
growth promotes as well. One way of addressing this issue is through Sustainable
According to The Brundtland Report (1987), Sustainable Development is the development
that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to
meet their economic needs (intergenerational equity). Mainstream economics measure a
countryÐ²Ð‚™s development through demand and supply expressed in Gross Domestic Product. However, it does not take into account the depletion of natural, inadequate
treatment of defensive expenditures i.e. pollution abatement and health protection costs, and fails to take into account the effects of environmental degradation. At the same time, we
cannot forget or ignore the needs of the present (intragenerational equity).
Oil and Gas (Ð²Ð‚ÑšO&GÐ²Ð‚Ñœ) companies such as PETRONAS are often seen as one of the major
contributors to the worldÐ²Ð‚™s polluters, directly and indirectly right down from exploration
activities i.e. upstream activities, through to its downstream services or the refining, selling
and distribution of oil and gas products. Conservationist and environmental activist will
highly unlikely stop rallying against O&G companies even though some might prove, in the