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Autor: anton • July 23, 2011 • 1,077 Words (5 Pages) • 9,553 Views
News Corporation is a global integrated media company founded by Rupert Murdoch, with properties in film, television, cable, magazines, newspapers, publishing and others.
It emerged as a national organization in Australia and is now present in the UK, Europe, USA, and Asia.
This reports attempts to analyze the firms strategic position by critically looking at the stakeholders expectations, corporate governance, itÐ²Ð‚™s environment and social responsibity. The report also analyzes the firms strategic choices centering on, Corporate and international strategy.
The report further discusses the issue of strategic leadership and itÐ²Ð‚™s impact on News Corporations operations. Finally the report makes several recommendations regarding the future of the firm followed by a conclusion.
2. THE FIRMS STRATEGIC POSITION.
Stakeholder mapping identifies stakeholder expectations and power and helps in understanding political priorities (Ð²Ð‚?Johnson Scholes and WhittingtonÐ²Ð‚™). It consists of making judgement based on three issues:
Ð²Ð‚Ñž How likely each stakeholder group is to impress expectations on the firm.
Ð²Ð‚Ñž Whether they have the power to do so ie power of the stakeholder group.
Ð²Ð‚Ñž The likely impact the stakeholder expectations will have on future strategies.
The power/interest matrix please see Appendix I seeks to describe the political context within which an individual strategy would be pursued (Ð²Ð‚?Johnson Scholes and WhittingtonÐ²Ð‚™)
For News Corporation an analysis of the matrix reveals the following:
HIGH INTEREST Ð²Ð‚" HIGH POWER ( Key Players )
Government which includes regulatory bodies as well as the political leaders of the respective countries have high power and interest in News Corporation. For example in 1979 the Australian government amended the law regarding the foreign ownership of television stations and this allowed News Corporation to quickly acquire Channel 10 in Melbourne though the owner Mr Murdoch was no longer resident in Australia.
Banks and other lending institutions
The above institutions also have high power Ð²Ð‚" high interest and for as long as they a happy an organization can be rest assured of their support and they will stay in quadrant C. In the case of News Corporation their power and influence was felt when the firm had a financial crunch in the 90s which was only resolved through a complex debt restructuring exercise. These events therefore made the above stakeholders move from quadrant C to D.
The Chief Executive Officer Ð²Ð‚" Mr Rupert Murdoch
Mr Murdoch being the founder is one of the key stakeholders. Mr Murdochs high influence and power can de seen from the way he deliberately forged political friendship with people like former british pime ministers Bob Hawk, Tony Blair and Margaret Thatcher which enabled the company acquire interests in SKY TV in the UK.
Due to risky acquisitions News Corporation underwent a financial crisis which was only overcome by Mr Murdoch guaranteeing his personal assets this was of course against the laws of corporate governance which is discussed in detail later.
HIGH POWER- LOW INTEREST ( Keep satisfied )
This group of stakeholders have high power low interest and are managed by satisfying them through high financial performance. They include:
This group of stakeholders interest is usually limited by the number of shares each individual owns, but as a group are able to influence the firms direction and future. News Corporation kept its stakeholders happy despite various hiccups though at one time differences arose when Mr Murdoch indicated that one of his sons James would in future become his successor.
Banks and Lending institutions.
As mentioned the above stakeholders will sit in this quadrant for long as all is well but may shift their influence when things go wrong as was the case when NewsCorp had financial difficulties.