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Autor: anton • January 21, 2011 • 292 Words (2 Pages) • 1,026 Views
The importance of organizations in modern economy and development of new and large organization are facts that make the issues like efficiency and control on the centre of attention in different social sciences . Efficiency in organization is directly linked with its organizational system. This essay firstly will review the characteristics of bureaucracy in organization on base of classical theory. Secondly it will outline the advantages and disadvantages of bureaucracy by focus on WeberÐ²Ð‚™s bureaucratic model. Finally it will discuss why bureaucracy is not always suitable to every organization.
WeberÐ²Ð‚™s bureaucratic model:
Weber mentioned that his bureaucratic model is an ideal and logical model for setting up an organization. It means that the model under question is not a guideline for operating the daily works.According to his later works the model includes this basic characteristics as R.Fincham and P.Rhodes put it:
Ð²Ð‚¦1. A staff consisting a body of employees whose full-time work was to administer the activities of the institution. As well as simply a body of people, this also consist of a people, this also consist of a structure of 'offices' such that the employee's post carries authority over specific areas, but it is a cardinal principle that the incumbent should not overstep the bounds of the authority of the office.
2.A division of labour which assigns specific task to sub-units and individuals. The division of labour in bureaucracies is highly developed departmental boundaries and individual jobs are closely specified and duties and responsibilities carefully set out.
3.The hierarchy, division of power ,involves the ranking of offices to provide clear line of command. In bureaucracy the hierarchy also is typically very complex, its many levels providing a highly differentiated structure of authority.